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четверг, 26 июня 2014 г.

Grammar : Passive Voice


Hello, dear learners!

Today we'll start learning Passive Voice.

How to form Passive verbs?

As usual, let's start our lesson with the examining of the table Verbs' Forms : Passive Voice:



As you can see, the passive voice is formed with the verb to be in its forms of Present (am, is, are), Past (was, were) or Future  (will be) for Simple and Continuous and its  perfect form
 ( to have been) for Perfect + Past Participle (V3) of the main verb.
So, if you see any form of the verb to be +V3, you may say it is one of the Passsive forms of the verb.

If we compare this table with the table of Active voice, we'll see that in the Passive voice we have got only three groups instead of four in Active , they are : Simple, Continuous and Perfect.We haven' t got Perfect Continuous and Future Continuous forms!

The rules for tense usage in the Passive are the same as in the Active: Present Simple to express habit; past simple to express a finished action in the past; Present Perfect to express the action that related to the present and so on.

Why should we use the  Passive voice?


We use the forms of the Passive Voice
  •  to make the statements more   formal or more polite.These forms are often used in news reports, instuctions, headlines, advertisements,etc.;
  • when the action is more important than the agent;
  • when the person who does the action is unknownor unimportant .

. As we have just learnt, The Passive forms are often used in newspaper columns, so try to find them in these sentences.



Cally Simpson was on holiday at the Villa Marina resort in Salou, Catalonia, with her dad Steven and grandmother when she was found unconscious.

The girl, from Arbroath, Angus, was pulled from the pool by another tourist and attempts were made to resuscitate her.

She is now said be in a stable condition at the intensive care unit at a children's hospital in Barcelona.

A Facebook page, Saving Cally Simpson, was set up to raise funds to pay for Kate's travel costs and now has more than 1,500 supporters.






 Check yourself:


Cally Simpson was on holiday at the Villa Marina resort in Salou, Catalonia, with her dad Steven and grandmother when she was found unconscious.

The girl, from Arbroath, Angus, was pulled from the pool by another tourist and attempts were made to resuscitate her.

She is now said be in a stable condition at the intensive care unit at a children's hospital in Barcelona.

A Facebook page, Saving Cally Simpson, was set up to raise funds to pay for Kate's travel costs and now has more than 1,500 supporters.


Here we learn how to change Active sentences  to Passive ones and Passive forms for Simple.





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