понедельник, 26 мая 2014 г.

Grammar : some,any, no, every ( + superb poem !)

Hello, dear readers!

Today we'll learn how to use words some,any, no, every and their compounds in sentences.

First of all, let's study the table below:


As you can see, wods some,any,no can be used with countable ( pens,countries, etc.) and uncountable (milk, money) nouns. 

Some and its compounds (somebody,someone,something, somewhere) are normaly used in affirmative sentences : She needs some water. Something is wrong here.

No and its compounds are used in negative sentences when the verbs are in positive forms (without not): She has no friends. They know nothing about him.

Any and its compounds  can be used in interrogative , negative and affirmative sentences:

We use any in negative sentences if the verbs are in a negative form (with not) . Let's compare with the previous example : She does not have any friends. They don't know anything about him.

Any and its compounds can be also  used with negative words : without, never, hardly, seldom, etc. He did it without any word.

You should also know, that any and its compounds can be   used in  affirmative sentences, but with the different  meaning :
Anyone can take part in this contest. (It doesn't matter who). You can buy anything you want. (It doesn't matter what).

Every is used with singular countable nouns. Every studentl in this group likes Eglish .
The words everyone,/everybody, everything and everywhere are used in all types of sentences (+, -, ?) and are followed by a singular verb.
Everyone is here.
Now, let's read this superb poem. You 'll find  the examples of using some,any, no and every in each line of it. Isn't it fantastic?
 Next lesson we'll learn the new phrases from this poem. I absolutely sure it's a must learn for everyone.
So, read, learn, enjoy!

Job Responsibility
by Charles Osgood

There was a most important job that needed to be done,
And no reason not to do it, there was absolutely none.
But in vital matters such as this, the thing you have to ask
Is who exactly will it be who'll carry out the task?

Anybody could have told you that everybody knew
That this was something somebody would surely have to do.
Nobody was unwilling; anybody had the ability.
But nobody believed that it was their responsibility.

It seemed to be a job that anybody could have done,
If anybody thought he was supposed to be the one.
But since everybody recognised that anybody could,
Everybody took for granted that somebody would.

But nobody told anybody that we are aware of,
That he would be in charge of seeing it was taken care of.
And nobody took it on himself to follow through,
And do what everybody thought that somebody would do.

When what everybody needed so did not get done at all,
Everybody was complaining that somebody dropped the ball.
Anybody then could see it was an awful crying shame,
And everybody looked around for somebody to blame.

Somebody should have done the job
And Everybody should have,
But in the end Nobody did
What Anybody could have.

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